Bangladesh : Reduced Under 5 mortality to achieve the SDG Goal three target - An analytical view

In past few decades Bangladesh has experienced a good progressive curve in terms of healthcare to reduce the mortality of the child. During 1990 and 2015, he child mortality reduced gradually. Credit may go to the improving healthcare infrastructure or the decision to achieve the SDG Goal three target.

The dedicated and continuous effort to reduce the mortality rate can be clearly seen in the huge reduction of child mortality rate. This can be seen clearly in the plot as in 1990 the average child mortality rate of country was higher than the worlds average child mortality rate, but in 2017 it went below the world's average child mortality rate.

The major causes of under-5 child mortality were preterm birth 18%, intrapartum 13.8%, pneumonia 13.5%, sepsis 11%, congenital 9.1%, injury 7.9%, diarrhoea 7.1%, measles 1.9% and other 15.9% .

In 2011, just over half of all children were anemic. A number of interventions have taken to address this issue, including the distribution of iron supplements and deworming tablets every 6 months till 5 years of age. However, children age 6–59 months receive Vitamin-A capsules twice a year. Between 2004 and 2014 the prevalence of children who are stunted, and underweight declined 29% and 23% respectively. But the prevalence of wasting showed very little change during this period.

To achieve the MDG-4 target, Bangladesh has experienced a significant reduction of child mortality over the past decades. But under 5 mortality must be reduced to achieve the SDG Goal three target.

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