ChatBot

Updated: Mar 13



ChatBot nowadays has become the most important tool to handle the clients/customers query. This Chatbot is based on ML algorithm which is going to analyze the input and execute the respective out as per the query raised. 

​Industry

​Type

​Language

​IT

ML / AI

Python


​Impact

​Chatbot is crucial tool in any sector which is going to save many human hours to answer queries based on condition or situation or requirements.

​Problem Statement

​Major challenge in developing chatbot is training the machine as per the need of the client / organization / project. This not only need the huge training data but also the diverse thinking of human mind.

​Approach

Machine will be trained and then it will analyze each and every input from the user. After analysis it will reply back as per the trained database by analyzing the weightage of the entities present in query.

​Solution

​Code snap given below


with open('intents.json', 'r') as f:
    intents = json.load(f)

all_words = []
tags = []
xy = []
# loop through each sentence in our intents patterns
for intent in intents['intents']:
    tag = intent['tag']
    # add to tag list
    tags.append(tag)
    for pattern in intent['patterns']:
        # tokenize each word in the sentence
        w = tokenize(pattern)
        # add to our words list
        all_words.extend(w)
        # add to xy pair
        xy.append((w, tag))

# stem and lower each word
ignore_words = ['?', '.', '!']
all_words = [stem(w) for w in all_words if w not in ignore_words]
# remove duplicates and sort
all_words = sorted(set(all_words))
tags = sorted(set(tags))

print(len(xy), "patterns")
print(len(tags), "tags:", tags)
print(len(all_words), "unique stemmed words:", all_words)

# create training data
X_train = []
y_train = []
for (pattern_sentence, tag) in xy:
    # X: bag of words for each pattern_sentence
    bag = bag_of_words(pattern_sentence, all_words)
    X_train.append(bag)
    # y: PyTorch CrossEntropyLoss needs only class labels, not one-hot
    label = tags.index(tag)
    y_train.append(label)

X_train = np.array(X_train)
y_train = np.array(y_train)

# Hyper-parameters 
num_epochs = 1000
batch_size = 8
learning_rate = 0.001
input_size = len(X_train[0])
hidden_size = 8
output_size = len(tags)
print(input_size, output_size)

class ChatDataset(Dataset):

    def __init__(self):
        self.n_samples = len(X_train)
        self.x_data = X_train
        self.y_data = y_train

    # support indexing such that dataset[i] can be used to get i-th sample
    def __getitem__(self, index):
        return self.x_data[index], self.y_data[index]

    # we can call len(dataset) to return the size
    def __len__(self):
        return self.n_samples

dataset = ChatDataset()
train_loader = DataLoader(dataset=dataset,
                          batch_size=batch_size,
                          shuffle=True,
                          num_workers=0)

device = torch.device('cuda' if torch.cuda.is_available() else 'cpu')

model = NeuralNet(input_size, hidden_size, output_size).to(device)

# Loss and optimizer
criterion = nn.CrossEntropyLoss()
optimizer = torch.optim.Adam(model.parameters(), lr=learning_rate)

# Train the model
for epoch in range(num_epochs):
    for (words, labels) in train_loader:
        words = words.to(device)
        labels = labels.to(dtype=torch.long).to(device)
        
        # Forward pass
        outputs = model(words)
        # if y would be one-hot, we must apply
        # labels = torch.max(labels, 1)[1]
        loss = criterion(outputs, labels)
        
        # Backward and optimize
        optimizer.zero_grad()
        loss.backward()
        optimizer.step()
        
    if (epoch+1) % 100 == 0:
        print (f'Epoch [{epoch+1}/{num_epochs}], Loss: {loss.item():.4f}')


print(f'final loss: {loss.item():.4f}')

data = {
"model_state": model.state_dict(),
"input_size": input_size,
"hidden_size": hidden_size,
"output_size": output_size,
"all_words": all_words,
"tags": tags
}

FILE = "data.pth"
torch.save(data, FILE)

print(f'training complete. file saved to {FILE}')


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