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Impact of Civil Wars on Healthcare Sector of Angola

Updated: Mar 31, 2021

Healthcare of Angola suffered a lot due to the many civil wars in between 1961 to 2002. It had 1961 to 1975, Angolan War of Independence followed by civil war between 1975 to 2002. In between these civil wars on May 15, 1976 Angola became the member of World Health Organization.

Increasing civil wars and deteriorating life style condition compelled many to migrate. Many people left country during those unstable situation. Healthcare system had deteriorated to its max. Public healthcare system had collapsed, but still wealthier people had choice for private healthcare facilities. This led to worsening of the healthcare sector.

It was 2000, when The Government of Japan set up a grant aid project, the “Project for Improvement of Medical Equipment in Primary Health Facilities in Luanda Province,” with the intention of improving the 27 health centres there. This was followed by finance of almost 3 million yen for the planned reconstruction and repair of Josina Machel Hospital, the main specialist referral centre in the country. Procurement of medical supplies and equipment was, and still is, complicated by the fluctuations in the foreign exchange rate.

The effect of civil wars and the reformation of healthcare sector in Angola can be seen clearly on the mortality rate of child. During civil war the rate of death had increased but improved a lot once in 2002 Japan assisted to reform the healthcare sector.

Any moment either it is Political , Social or Communal , has its effect on healthcare sector a lot. Healthcare sector is the sector of dynamic approach. It is updating each and every moment. The time it comes on halt due to any activity, it effects the overall performance of the healthcare system of that country.

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